4 Tips for Raising Grain

Wheat was among the very first grains to be cultivated in ancient civilization of North Africa, Middle East and Asia. Right from the colonial days, grains, particularly wheat, have been the most important crops grown in USA. In fact, scenes of golden wheat ripening in the sun have been the iconic image of the America’s granary, the Midwest.

Grain crops have their unique timeframes of planting and harvesting and differ across geographical areas. For example, in USA, there are two seasons for growing wheat. In winter it is planted from mid August to October and in spring, from April to May. While the winter crop takes almost six months to harvest, the spring crop takes four months.

Grains are mostly grown commercially as Americans are not used to the thought of growing grains in small plots as they are to growing fruits and vegetables. In fact, all over the world, grains like wheat are considered as something that comes out of a factory and it is to be purchased.

Preparing the Land

It is important that the grass is killed more than once because you will not be able to remove weeds once the crop grows. If the land has already been used for growing grains, there is not much to do as far as soil preparation is concerned. Simply turn the soil over so that fresh soil comes on the top and then use a rake to flatten it. If it has not been used before, cut the soil with a shovel and further use a rake to break the grassland.

Use of Fertilizers

Use manure to fertilize the soil as it quickens the growth. However, if the site is in a dry area, avoid excessive use of fertilizers.

Planting 

Throw the seeds by hand in a circular motion. While there is no need to bury the seed, it is important to keep in mind the quantity you spread. Again, this is particularly important in dry places because excessive sowing will result in so dense a crop that it will absorb whatever water is available and ruin the crop. Water the field immediately so as to ensure that there is enough moisture for the growing to begin. To prevent birds from eating the seeds before sprouting, place plastic flags around the lot.

Growing

If your area does not receive sufficient rainfall, make sure that you water the field once a month. Most grains grow in a dry climate but it is also essential that there is adequate moisture as is makes it easier for the crop to draw nutrients from the soil. If you see a pest problem, apply light insecticides. Harvest as soon as the crop turns yellow so that the kernels do not dry up. 




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